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利用nginx+fastcgi+mysql+memecached构建高性能web手记

来源: 5iqiong 分享至:

所需软件包:
autoconf-2.13.tar.gz
libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
mysql-5.1.54.tar.gz
php-5.2.17.tar.gz
php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz
memcache-3.0.5.tgz
PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
nginx-1.0.10.tar.gz



一、初始化系统(略)
关闭多于服务、iptables、ntp以及时区设置、内核调优
二、安装所需的库和相关软件包
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 flex bison file libtool libtool-libs autoconf kernel-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel libpng10 libpng10-devel gd gd-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libevent libevent-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel vim-minimal nano fonts-chinese gettext gettext-devel ncurses-devel gmp-devel pspell-devel unzip

tar zxvf autoconf-2.13.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.13/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/autoconf-2.13
make && make install

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure
make && make install

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make && make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make && make install

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make && make install

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
./configure
make && make install

三、安装mysql数据库:
tar -zxvf mysql-5.1.54.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.54/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --with-extra-charsets=all --enable-thread-safe-client --enable-assembler --with-charset=utf8 --enable-thread-safe-client --with-extra-charsets=all --with-big-tables --with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --enable-local-infile
make && make install
groupadd mysql
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M -g mysql mysql
cp /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
sed -i 's/skip-locking/skip-external-locking/g' /etc/my.cnf
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/.
cp /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysql

cat > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf<<EOF
/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql
/usr/local/lib
EOF
ldconfig

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
/etc/init.d/mysql start

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldump /usr/bin/mysqldump
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password mypass

四、安装php以及相关软件包:
export PHP_AUTOCONF=/usr/local/autoconf-2.13/bin/autoconf
export PHP_AUTOHEADER=/usr/local/autoconf-2.13/bin/autoheader
tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1
cd php-5.2.17/
./buildconf --force
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --enable-ftp --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --with-mime-magic
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install

mkdir -p /usr/local/php/etc
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

ln -s /usr/local/php/bin/php /usr/bin/php
ln -s /usr/local/php/bin/phpize /usr/bin/phpize
ln -s /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm /usr/bin/php-fpm


tar zxvf memcache-3.0.5.tgz
cd memcache-3.0.5/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make && make install

tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/zend/
cp ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/zend/


# php extensions
sed -i 's#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"\nextension = "memcache.so"\nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"\n#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/post_max_size = 8M/post_max_size = 50M/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/upload_max_filesize = 2M/upload_max_filesize = 50M/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/;date.timezone =/date.timezone = PRC/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/short_open_tag = Off/short_open_tag = On/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/; cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/max_execution_time = 30/max_execution_time = 300/g' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<<EOF

[Zend Optimizer]
zend_optimizer.optimization_level=1
zend_extension="/usr/local/zend/ZendOptimizer.so"
EOF

五、安装nginx软件包:

groupadd www
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -g www www
tar zxvf pcre-8.12.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.12/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../

tar zxvf nginx-1.0.10.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.0.10/
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-ipv6
make && make install
将之前配置好的文件拷贝相应目录下覆盖:
cp nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
cp php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
启动机器
/etc/init.d/mysql start
/etc/init.d/php-fpm start
/etc/init.d/nginx start
 


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