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CentOS 6安装apache+mysql+php+ssl(转)

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网上的一些文章都已经比较老了,现在版本高了之后,其实配置是很省力的(不考虑什么负载的话)

分享全过程,出了文中提到的安装epel rpmfushion 源指令不同外,其他的过程也适用与Centos 5

1.安装CentOS 6 ,可以选择最小安装,也可以安装桌面

2.升级系统

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yum update

3.安装mysql,并设置mysql开机自启动,同时启动mysql

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yum install mysql
yum install mysql-server
chkconfig --levels 35 mysqld on
service mysqld start

4.配置mysql的root密码

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mysql_secure_installation


Enter current password for root (enter for none): ( 回车)
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] (Y)

New password: (123456)
Re-enter new password: (123456)
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]

(是否移出数据库的默认帐户,如果移出,那么在终端中直接输入mysql是会提示连接错误的)Y

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]

(是否禁止root的远程登录)Y
By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

5.安装apache,并设置开机启动

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yum install httpd
chkconfig --levels 35 httpd on
service httpd start

这时候可以测试apache是否正常工作

直接浏览器访问localhost应该没问题,但是如果别的机子访问不了的话,是因为防火墙的关系,配置防火墙

(后面的ssl还会有这个问题的)

6.安装php

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yum install php
yum install php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc

这个时候php就安装完成拉,写个脚本测试一下

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vi /var/www/html/info.php

输入

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<?php
phpinfo();?>

访问localhost/info.php即可~

7.安装phpMyAdmin

首先先给系统安装epel 和rpmfushion两个软件大仓库

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rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/updates/testing/6/i386/rpmfusion-free-release-6-0.1.noarch.rpm http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/updates/testing/6/i386/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-6-0.1.noarch.rpm

如果是centos 5 的话执行下面

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rpm -Uvh http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/updates/testing/5/i386/rpmfusion-free-release-5-0.1.noarch.rpm http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/updates/testing/5/i386/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-5-0.1.noarch.rpm

接着安装起来就很方便拉,~根本不需要去下载就可以获得最新的版本

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yum install phpmyadmin

安装完成后还需要配置一下访问权限,使得出了本机外,其他机子也能访问phpMyAdmin

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vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf

找到两个directory的权限设置,Allow from 改成All

<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/>
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from All
Allow from 127.0.0.1
Allow from All
</Directory>
<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/setup/>
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from All
Allow from 127.0.0.1
Allow from All
</Directory>

重启服务器

service httpd restart

测试localhost/phpMyAdmin

用户名密码:root 123456

OK~ LAMP搭建完毕,

8.搭建SSL,让apache支持https

yum install mod_ssl

其实安装完这个模块后,重启完apache 就可以用https://localhost测试了,因为他创建了默认的证书

在/etc/pki/tls下

当然我们也可以用openssl创建自己的证书

yum install openssl

生成证书文件
创建一个rsa私钥,文件名为server.key

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openssl genrsa -out server.key 1024


Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
............++++++
............++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)


用 server.key 生成证书签署请求 CSR

openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr

Country Name:两个字母的国家代号
State or Province Name:省份名称
Locality Name:城市名称
Organization Name:公司名称
Organizational Unit Name:部门名称
Common Name:你的姓名
Email Address:地址
至于 'extra' attributes 不用输入.直接回车

生成证书CRT文件server.crt。

openssl x509 -days 365 -req -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt

修改ssl.conf指定我们自己生成的证书

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf

找到如下位置,修改路径

# Server Certificate:
# Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate. If
# the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a
# pass phrase. Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again. A new
# certificate can be generated using the genkey(1) command.
SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt

# Server Private Key:
# If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this
# directive to point at the key file. Keep in mind that if
# you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure
# both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key

OK

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service httpd restart

一切都搞定拉~~

整个过程我们不需要修改/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 这就是版本高了的好处阿~


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